No Such File or Directory: Resolving using lshw

It’s every system administrator’s nightmare: a routine task that suddenly results in the dreaded “bash: /foo/bar: No such file or directory” error. Suddenly your carefully maintained server is showing signs of stress and you’re presented with a perplexing problem. Luckily, with the help of lshw, an open-source command-line tool for analyzing and updating hardware information on Debian systems, it’s possible to quickly diagnose and resolve this error.

Let’s walk through how to approach such an issue.

Step 1: Identify the Source of the Problem

When dealing with a “No such file or directory” error, the first and most important step is to identify where the source of the issue is. Is it a hardware issue? Or perhaps a software issue, such as a misconfiguration? The answer to this question will determine how to proceed.

In the case of a “No such file or directory” error, it’s highly likely that a hardware component is to blame. After all, this kind of issue indicates that the system is unable to access the file or directory in question on the physical hard drive or other storage device.

Step 2: Gather Hardware Details with lshw

Fortunately, lshw is a powerful tool that can be used to quickly gather critical information about hardware components on a Debian system. On a Debian system, lshw can be used to display complete hardware information from the command line by typing lshw. This command will output details about the hardware on the system, including information about hard drives, video cards, RAM, and other components.

Step 3: Diagnose and Resolve the Issue

With lshw, it’s then possible to compare the hardware information on the system to the error message. Is the hard drive that was used to store the file or directory that triggered the “No such file or directory” error connected to the system? Are there any discrepancies in the observed performance of other hardware components that could be influencing the issue?

Using lshw, it’s possible to identify and diagnose the hardware issue that’s causing the “No such file or directory” error. If there isn’t a discrepancy between the lshw report and the expected hardware configuration, a software issue is the likely culprit. In this case, it could be as simple as correcting a misconfigured setting, or as complex as a corrupted file system.


Using lshw, system administrators can quickly identify and diagnose “No such file or directory” errors on Debian systems. While such issues can be intimidating at first, with the help of lshw they can be easily resolved in no time.

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